Global Missiology English, Vol 1, No 7 (2009)

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A CYCLICAL, GLOCAL DIASPORA CONGREGATION:

A CYCLICAL, GLOCAL DIASPORA CONGREGATION:      

A CASE STUDY OF THE FIRST FILIPINO ALLIANCE CHURCH FROM 1984 -- 2007

Sadiri Joy Tira and Stuart Lightbody

Dr. Joy Tira Sadiri, Founder & Director of Filipino International Network

Introduction

There are two terms used in this brief story to describe the history and development of First Filipino Alliance Church (FFAC) in Edmonton, Alberta (Canada) V cyclical and glocal.

A cyclical congregation[1] starts small but over the years becomes larger (not necessarily in numbers but in ministries).  It is like the making of a snowman.  A snowman starts out as a fist-size snowball.  The small snowball is rolled to gain more snow and becomes larger in size.  As the ball rolls, it picks up more snow and eventually takes on the shape of a snowman.  Christ started his Church with a few disciples in Jerusalem.  It later became a regional (Asia Minor) and ultimately became a global movement.  The Church that Christ founded is cyclical. A glocal congregation[2] is a local church that is thinking and acting locally and globally.  The word glocal was originally coined to express a new interweaving of the global and local.[3]  In the article, The Glocal Church:  Locality and Catholicity in a Globalizing World, Charles Van Engen of Fuller Seminary proposed that the church of Jesus Christ needs to become self-conscious of what is in fact already is: a glocal church.[4]  The Church must be active simultaneously in global and local mission.[5]

FFAC is providentially designed as a cyclical and glocal congregation[6] without them intentionally planning for it.  Their ministry started as a small bible-study group V an outreach post to Filipino university students, then it grew to become a home-base and nerve-centre of the Filipino International Network (FIN) (until 2007).  Over the years it has also become a catalyst in birthing other ministries such as the Praying and Loving Muslims (PALM) and the Conference of Filipino Alliance Ministries (CFAM).  Both these two ministries trace their roots from FFAC.  Reflecting its ministry growth, FFAC went from a living-room at the University of Albertas student housing complex, to the basement of Millbourne Alliance Church, and is now occupying one of Edmontons primary examples of modernist architecture.[7]

The following article[8] portrays FFAC as a model of a cyclical and glocal congregation.  Dr. Stuart Lightbody wrote the unpublished article, The Ripple Effect before his retirement as Vice-President for Canadian Ministries for C&MA Canada in 2007.

 

The Ripple Effect

by Stuart Lightbody

For many decades, Canada has attracted the Filipino people.  From the 1960s to the present day, the Philippines has been a major source of immigrants, normally ranking in the top five originating countries of Canadian immigrants.  Indeed, there are now more than 300,000 Filipinos living across Canada, primarily in the major urban areas of Toronto, Vancouver, Winnipeg, Calgary, Edmonton and Montreal.

The Filipinos do not follow the pattern of other immigrant groups.  They speak English well, many are professional and well educated and they do not tend to cluster in ethnic ghettos, as do other groups.  Additionally, most are practicing Roman Catholics.

In the early 1980s a small group of Filipino students and graduates of the University of Alberta in Edmonton met for prayer and bible study in a small townhouse in the Mitchener Park at the Universitys housing complex for married couples.  For the handful of evangelical Filipinos it was enough that they could gather and celebrate the joy of the Lord with each other.  There was no thought of birthing a church or extending any kind of ministry beyond the comfort zone of their own fellowship.  It was enough for them that there were some fellow believers in the Edmonton Filipino community of more than 2,000.[9]

[Sadiri] Joy Tira was a Filipino seminary student and interning at Millbourne Alliance Church.  At an outreach event he met with the Mitchener Park group to help in the bible studies and was soon helping lead the bible studies as well as handling a Sunday School class at Millbourne for some of the Filipino families.  A summer ending event in 1983 saw nearly 100 Filipinos of various religious persuasions attend.

Joy returned to school at Canadian Theological Seminary but God had planted a seed with visions of the first-ever Filipino Alliance church in Canada.        With the strong support of the Western Canadian District Superintendent at that time, Harvey Town, a series of meetings between the Millbourne church, the district and the Filipino families led to the birthing of a Filipino congregation within the mother church, Millbourne.  Filipino Christian Alliance Fellowship was born. But, exciting as that was for the Filipinos in Edmonton, God was not finished.

Over the next number of years, the fellowship flourished as Sadiri Joy Tira was recruited to lead them and by 1989 they were an independent congregation.  They purchased their own land, built their own facility[10] and renamed themselves First Filipino Alliance Church.

From the start, missionary and evangelism zeal permeated the church, particularly as they contemplated the burgeoning Filipino community in Edmonton.  They organized a team to participate in the All-Filipino Basketball League; they organized community-wide events from prayer breakfasts to seminars for newcomers.  Steady growth was highlighted by continuous grounding in evangelism, discipleship and outreach. But the church not only impacted the Edmonton Filipino community.  It has had a ripple effect across Canada and around the world.

The current leader of the Conference of Filipino Alliance Ministries (CFAM) in Canada, Rev. Charlie Mance, readily acknowledges the vision, drive and leadership provided by the First Filipino Alliance Church in Edmonton. Joy and the church, he said, provided inspirational leadership and were the driving force behind Filipino Alliance churches, ministries, mission efforts and outreach over the last 15 years. 

There are now [17] churches associated with CFAM with another one in the birthing process and yet another organized congregation outside the Alliance that is seriously considering moving into the denomination.  It has produced leaders: at least 4 pastors and 8 missionaries.  To the glory of God, many of our Filipino missionaries are serving in Creative Access Countries that we call Desert Sands, Asian Spice or Silk Road.

From its earliest stages of growth, First Filipinos goal was to be a sending church, whether across Canada or around the world.  Along with those directly connected with the C&MA, the church has also provided personnel for other Christian ministries including Campus Crusade, Samaritans Purse, Operation Mobilization among others.  Many church people have also participated in various forms of short-term missions.

The church was also a major catalyst in the creation of a global movement amongst the Filipino diaspora around the world.  The Filipino International Network (FIN) is now led by Sadiri Joy Tira with a set mandate to reach Filipinos for Christ and, through them, reach other people groups.  Originally dubbed Operation Trojan Horse, it was recognition that the warmth and friendliness of the Filipino people added to the fact that Filipinos are able to work and live in many so-called closed countries was an ideal evangelism opportunity V particularly in the Middle East.

It began in the mid 90s with the strategy of mobilizing prayer and fellowship amongst Filipino Christians in the Middle East followed by showing and distributing the Jesus film throughout the region.

Since then FIN has grown to an international, interdenominational movement.  It is creative in its efforts to reach the Filipino people.  It is equally creative and aggressive in its efforts to use the embedded Filipino populations as missionaries in the midst of difficult or hard to reach people and faith groups.

From that small pebble tossed into an Edmonton sea, the ripples engendered by First Filipino Alliance Church have touched every corner of Canada and now lap the edges of nations and peoples in every corner of the globe.

 

 

Conclusion

The preceding article is not just a diachronic and synchronic reporting of FFACs journey.  Ultimately, FFACs story is a portrait of Gods hand at work in the lives of people on the move (i.e. migrants) who encountered God, followed Christ and are actively engage in fulfilling the Great Commission in the power of the Holy Spirit.  Dr. Lightbodys article highlights obedience to Christ, visionary leadership, and healthy partnerships among like-minded individuals. 

FFACs future depends on how the new generation of FFAC responds to Gods call and Christs commission, a call and commission that will not change but requires a renewed response in the 21st Century.  If FFAC remains healthy and missional with godly, visionary, and catalytic leadership and committed members, their ministry will have an even further-reaching impact in the 21st century.

 

References

 

Crowston, Catherine, Ed.  Capital Modern:  A Guide to Edmonton Architecture & Urban Design 1940-1969EdmontonArt Gallery of Alberta, 2007. 

 

Tira, Sadiri.  Global Missions and Local Congregation:  A Case Study of the First Filipino Alliance Church in Edmonton, Alberta (Canada).  D.Min. Dissertation, Reformed Theological Seminary, 2002. 

 

Van Engen, Charles.  The Global Church:  Locality and Catholicity in Globalizing World in Craig Ott and Harold A. Netland, eds. Globalizing Theology:  Belief and Practice in an Era of World ChristianityGrand Rapids, MI:  Baker Academic, 2006. 

 

Websites of Interest

 

First Filipino Alliance Church V http://ffaconline.org

 

Filipino International Network V http://fin-online.org/cms/

 

Christian & Missionary Alliance Church (Canada) -- http://cmalliance.ca/index.php

 

Published, Diaspora Study in the October 2009 issue of the online journal www.GlobalMissiology.org

 



[1] Tira, 2002.           

[2] Ibid.

[3]Charles Van Engen, The Global Church:  Locality and Catholicity in Globalizing World in Craig Ott and Harold A. Netland, eds. Globalizing Theology:  Belief and Practice in an Era of World Christianity (Grand Rapids, MI:  Baker Academic, 2006).  Also see Rosenau 2003; Robertson 1995; Tai and Wong 1998.

[4] Van Engen, 157.

[5] Ibid. 

[6] For more information about cyclical and glocal congregations, see Sadiri Joy Tiras Doctor of Ministry dissertation, Global Missions and Local Congregation:  A Case study of the First Filipino Alliance Church in Edmonton, Alberta (Canada), from Reformed Theological Seminary, 2002.  Using historical, documentary and archival research methodologies, Tira analyses the birth and growth of FFAC to showcase global missions and local congregations. (i.e.  Glocal congregations missions).

[7] The FFAC building was designed by Howard and Robert Bouey Architects.  It is now one of the architectural landmarks in Edmonton showcasing Modern architecture.  See the Edmonton Art Gallerys Capital Modern:  A guide to Edmonton architecture & urban design 1940-1969 edited by Catherine CrowstonIt is the hope of the writer (Tira) that the succeeding FFAC congregation will manage it with care.  Future renovations must be done with this consideration.

[8] Rev. Sadiri Joy Tira, founding pastor of FFAC (1984-2007) wrote the introduction and conclusion to fit Dr. Stuart Lightbodys article into the theme of this volume.

[9] In 2007, there were approximately 18,000 Filipinos in Edmonton

[10] FFAC outgrew their first property.  Their current building was purchased from St. Stephens United Church in 1991.  For both building projects, Horatio and Hope McCombs provided sufficient funds to acquire the properties.  The C&MA Western District also provided a grant and loan at a low interest rate.  In October 2006, FFAC conducted a mortgage burning service to celebrate Gods faithfulness and provisions.