Prerequisites for Movements? Questioning Two Widely-Held Assumptions


  • Emanuel Prinz Bethany Research Institute, Associate Director
  • Dave Coles Beyond


The data presented in this article challenge two assumptions that have been held widely among movement thinkers and practitioners: “Movements can only happen after lengthy previous gospel proclamation, by the actual movement catalyst or by preceding pioneers”; and, “Movements only occur among people groups that are receptive to the gospel.” Both notions are challenged by the data of recent research into 35 different movements.

Author Biographies

Emanuel Prinz, Bethany Research Institute, Associate Director

Global Training Architect of Bethany International, Professor of Intercultural Leadership at Bethany Global University

Dave Coles, Beyond

Encourager and Resourcer of Church Planting Movements